Download 3 Baruch: Greek-Slavonic Apocalypse of Baruch (Commentaries by Alexander Kulik PDF

By Alexander Kulik

This paintings presents the foremost to 1 of the main enigmatic Jewish Hellenistic texts preserved in Greek and Slavonic. even though three Baruch is among the significant early Jewish apocalypses, it's been really ignored in smooth scholarship, most likely in view that three Baruch is without doubt one of the so much tough works to realize and classify. Its content material differs considerably from that of different writings of an identical style, because the ebook preserves syncretistic rules and developments that are mixed in certain methods. The worldview, the message, and the very textual constitution of three Baruch are enigmatic in lots of respects. the current examine demonstrates that the textual background of three Baruch, implicit meanings and structural hyperlinks in its textual content, in addition to conceptions in the back of the textual content, are partially reconstructable. furthermore, three Baruch, adequately learn, considerably enriches our realizing of the heritage of the motifs present in early Jewish lore, now and then offering lacking hyperlinks among varied phases in their improvement, and preserves vital facts at the roots of Jewish mysticism, proto-Gnostic and proto-Christian traditions. The research includes the creation, synoptic translation, textual notes, and particular commentaries.

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Extra info for 3 Baruch: Greek-Slavonic Apocalypse of Baruch (Commentaries on Early Jewish Literature)

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Himmelfarb, Ascent, 91. ” This interpretation will relate 3 Baruch to many Jewish (and non-Jewish) compositions which are concerned primarily with the fate of the dead and which contain tours of the world of the dead. Thus, also the tour of Baruch may be nekyia, though relocated to heaven (which is also not unique: all categories of the dead are located in heaven in 1 Enoch; 2 Enoch; and Gnostic Apocalypse of Paul). 3. 1. Cosmographic escapism. Even if one accepts the above interpretation, suggesting that there is an implicit agenda behind the cosmological descriptions of 3 Baruch, “scientific” interest in the physical aspects of the way the world functions remains very relevant for this composition.

The sun outshines the stars, and the moon, although “being intact,” is exhausted by its heat. In the next heaven, the “third” heaven (only in G), there is another plain 18 Introduction (G; or “mountain” in S) with a lake inhabited by diverse birds, and especially cranes (or birds similar to cranes in size in S). This is the place “where the souls of the righteous come, when they assemble, living together choir by choir” (only G). The “pure” (only S) birds unceasingly praise God (both G and S). ” They are taken by clouds only from here (S) or also from the sea, while in the latter case only these celestial waters can cause the earth to produce fruit (G).

18; b. Hor. 10a; and b. Suk. 28a. Many Rabbinic discussions of astronomic and meteorological problems, including those raised in 3 Baruch, are adduced in the commentary below. 38 Introduction IX. Method Questions about the content and message of the writing cannot be detached from the interconnected problems of Sitz im Leben, creative method, and form of presentation. We cannot say much about the Sitz im Leben of 3 Baruch, nor of its creation or function. As for creation, it is difficult to determine whether any given apocalyptic text reflects an actual mystical experience or is a simulating literary invention.

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