By Wittgenstein, Ludwig; Krkač, Kristijan; Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Ludwig Wittgenstein used to be probably the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. this article discusses his philosophical procedure in his later interval, occasionally often called morphology
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Additional info for A custodian of grammar : essays on Wittgenstein's philosophical morphology
1. I’m seeing spots—The Case of a ● Philosophical morphology welcomes, observes, and describes phenomena of all kinds regarding all of their characteristics (that is to say that, nothing is left out, explained away, or reduced). The aim of morphology is clear description, or to put it to some extent odd “a perspicuous (re)presentation” (PI 122). At the beginning of creating any clear description is looking-at a phenomena, and looking-for connections between them, or between their parts (similarities, analogies, patterns, networks), and ultimately seeing—(them)—as wholes, or as nets of connections (different kinds of regularities).
The problem is that there are phenomena that appear to us as small coloured rounds and at the same time not as dots, but as holes. However, in order for something to be seen as a small coloured round it needs to be surrounded by a different colour, or at least by the same colour but of a different shade compared to its surroundings. Therefore, surroundings different from the round in respect of colour are essential for seeing a small coloured round, but in order to see it as a dot this contrast between an item and its surroundings needs to be relevant.
From books that highlight the very examples of the method of grammatical investigation, as well as from various excellent scholarly works on Wittgenstein’s concept of philosophical grammar and morphology which were indispensable to me as well (like for example works by Baker and Hacker, Forster, Garver, Monk, Schulte, and others). All of the papers presented in this collection, if it is possible and convenient, should be understood in the light of the morphology as a method, the philosophical grammar as a goal, and the idea of pragmatism which emphasizes not so much consequences of actions, rather the very fact that we act in certain way, that we have certain forms of life, and that we as humans have mastered certain techniques, routines or standard practices.