By René Dugas
"A amazing paintings as a way to stay a rfile of the 1st rank for the historian of mechanics." — Louis de Broglie
In this masterful synthesis and summation of the technology of mechanics, Rene Dugas, a number one pupil and educator on the famed Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, offers with the evolution of the rules of basic mechanics chronologically from their earliest roots in antiquity during the heart a long time to the innovative advancements in relativistic mechanics, wave and quantum mechanics of the early twentieth century.
The current quantity is split into 5 components: the 1st treats of the pioneers within the examine of mechanics, from its beginnings as much as and together with the 16th century; the second one part discusses the formation of classical mechanics, together with the significantly inventive and influential paintings of Galileo, Huygens and Newton. The 3rd half is dedicated to the eighteenth century, during which the association of mechanics reveals its climax within the achievements of Euler, d'Alembert and Lagrange. The fourth half is dedicated to classical mechanics after Lagrange. partially 5, the writer undertakes the relativistic revolutions in quantum and wave mechanics.
Writing with nice readability and sweep of imaginative and prescient, M. Dugas follows heavily the guidelines of the good innovators and the texts in their writings. the result's an incredibly actual and aim account, specially thorough in its debts of mechanics in antiquity and the center a long time, and the real contributions of Jordanus of Nemore, Jean Buridan, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Leonardo da Vinci, and lots of different key figures.
Erudite, entire, replete with penetrating insights, A History of Mechanics is an strangely skillful and wide-ranging learn that belongs within the library of someone attracted to the historical past of science.
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Additional resources for A History of Mechanics
9 For the rest, the treatise On the Equilibrium of Planes is concerned with the determination of the centres of gravity of particular geometrical figures. After having obtained the centres of gravity of a triangle, a parallelogram and a trapezium, Archimedes determined the centre of gravity of a segment of a parabola by means of an analysis which is a milestone in the history of mathematics (Book II, Proposition VIII). We shall now concern ourselves with Archimedes’ treatise on Floating Bodies.
Dugas’ so clear text, the reader will not appreciate the work that the writing of such a book represents. Not only has Mr. Dugas had to sift various questions to select those which would most clearly illustrate the decisive turning-points in the progress of mechanics, but he has always referred to the original texts themselves, never wanting to accomplish the task at second hand. When, for example, he summarises for us the work of Kepler in a few pages, it is after having re-examined and, in some way, rethought these arguments —often complicated and a little quaint and, moreover, written in a bad Latin whose meaning is often difficult to appreciate—which enabled the great astronomer to discover the correct laws of the motion of the planets.
In this place its substantial form achieves perfection—it is disposed in such a way that it is subject as completely as possible to influences which are favourable, and so that it avoids those which are inimical. If something is moved from its natural place it tends to return there, for everything tends to perfection. If it already occupies its natural place it remains there at rest and can only be torn away by violence. In a precise way, for Aristotle, the position of a body is the internal surface of the bodies which surround it.