By Nikolai Krementsov
Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the management of the Bolshevik celebration in the course of its adolescence, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) used to be a visionary. In technological know-how fiction novels set on Mars, Bogdanov imagined a destiny during which the employees of the realm, liberated from capitalist exploitation, create a “physiological collective” that rejuvenates and unites its contributors via commonplace blood exchanges. yet Bogdanov was once now not simply a dreamer. He labored tirelessly to popularize and become aware of his imaginative and prescient, founding the 1st learn institute dedicated to the technological know-how of blood transfusion.
In A Martian Stranded on Earth, the 1st broad-based e-book on Bogdanov in English, Nikolai Krementsov examines Bogdanov’s roles as innovative, novelist, and scientist, providing his protagonist as a coherent philosopher who pursued his principles in a variety of venues. throughout the lens of Bogdanov’s involvement with blood reports on one hand, and of his fictional and philosophical writings at the different, Krementsov deals a nuanced research of the interactions among clinical principles and societal values.
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Additional info for A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science
In early March 1918, the Bolsheviks concluded a separate peace treaty with Germany, ending Russia’s participation in World War I. 10 Transfusions Threatened by the White forces advancing on Petrograd, the Bolshevik leadership moved to Moscow, which became the capital of the new, Soviet Russia. With the civil war escalating, in the summer, the Bolsheviks adopted an economic policy of “war communism,” which featured the nationalization of all enterprises, the abolition of private property and money, the forced requisition of agricultural production, and the administrative distribution of food and goods.
He was obviously able to get credit for at least some of the general courses he had taken at Moscow University, since he graduated in just four years, in 1899, receiving the diploma of physician with specialization in nervous and psychiatric diseases. After graduation, he married a fellow revolutionary, Nataliia Bogdanovna Korsak (1865–1945), whose patronymic he had adopted as his pen name—Bogdanov. Also in 1899, Bogdanov published a 250-Â�page-Â�long treatise entitled Basic Elements of a Historical Outlook on Nature: Nature, Life, Psyche, Society.
Biological evolution became an established fact, even though debates over its concrete mechanisms continued in Russia as they did elsewhere (Vucinich 1988; Todes 1989). 7 His “monistic” explorations of life phenomena—from General Morphology to the Natural History of Creation—generated a lively discussion in Russian professional and popular publications. 8 By the 1890s, many Russian naturalists had adopted Haeckelian monism as a basic philosophy of their investigations. As Mark B. Adams (1989, 11–12) has convincingly argued, Bogdanov was certainly familiar with Haeckel’s major works.