By Mat Santamouris
Advances in development power study deals cutting-edge info at the environmental technological know-how and function of constructions, linking new applied sciences and methodologies with the most recent learn on platforms, simulations and criteria. As stringently reviewed as a magazine yet with the breadth of a e-book, this annual quantity brings jointly invited contributions from the main foreign specialists on strength potency and environmental caliber of structures. Spanning a huge diversity of technical matters, this can be a ''must have'' reference on worldwide advancements within the box, compatible for architects and development engineers, environmental engineers, pros, scholars, academics and researchers in construction technology, technical libraries and laboratories.
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Thus, in order to maintain performance, designers should use quite complex optical systems where direct sunlight can be partly reflected depending upon the incident angle. During the summer, the transmittance is normally low, while for low solar altitudes during winter, the transmittance is high. Due to their accurate shape and highly reflective material, these systems are enclosed between a double-glazing insulating unit. These systems reflect direct sunlight backwards and mainly transmit diffuse radiation.
Sun-tracking devices). The introduction of daylighting systems to a building is based on the fulfilment of one or more of the following goals: ● ● ● ● increase in lighting levels in the areas away from the building perimeter; increase in uniformity; improvement of visual comfort; provision of sufficient shading. FENESTRATION SYSTEMS Fenestration systems can be separated according to their reflective or refractive operating principles. Many daylighting systems restrict the view outside; thus, they have to be placed on clerestory windows away from the horizontal line of sight.
The most common shading systems that can be considered as daylighting systems are Venetian blinds. These can be used either internally or externally, causing redistribution of daylight (sunlight or skylight) to ceilings. The efficiency of Venetian blinds in terms of light redistribution is rather low and depends upon the blind section and its material (and the associated reflectance). Only the optimum orientation of these blinds can allow maximum reflection without preventing outward vision. Visual connection to the exterior environment is vital for human beings, providing access to quality daylight.