By M. Riad El-Ghonemy
Affluence and Poverty within the heart East is an creation to the political economic climate of the center East, targeting its so much salient positive factors - chronic poverty and severe inequality. El-Ghonemy analyses the standards influencing the area, together with its special ancient, spiritual and cultural combine, in addition to its monetary foundations and types of corruption. for every issue he employs case-studies drawn from in the course of the sector, from Turkey to Sudan and Morocco to Iran. within the ultimate part El-Ghomeny discusses attainable options to the demanding situations dealing with the quarter, together with attainable makes use of of a peace dividend, and the function of democracy.
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12 The extent and severity differ across countries according to the measurement used. 2 in the present book. 2. Mortality and nutrition rates for children: The State of the World's Children 1995 (UNICEF, 1984–96). 2. 1 and note 13. Notes Figures are rounded. For the year 2000 estimate of population, see Chapter 11, note 2. Total income is GNP per person multiplied by total population. The rich group consists of (in descending order by GNP per person, 1991): UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Oman, Libya and Israel.
Instead, their interest was in the promotion of markets for British trade and manufactured goods and in employment opportunities for professionals. They also invested in land development and constructed dams under granted contracts. Hence the technological base of inequality, through irrigation and the rapid rise in the profitability of land. Another British action that affected profit making and income distribution was the prohibition of the slave trade and slave labour, which was still practised despite being proscribed by Islam.
2. 1 and note 13. Notes Figures are rounded. For the year 2000 estimate of population, see Chapter 11, note 2. Total income is GNP per person multiplied by total population. The rich group consists of (in descending order by GNP per person, 1991): UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Oman, Libya and Israel. The middleincome group is: Iraq, Iran, Algeria, Turkey, Tunisia, Syria, Jordan and Morocco. The low-income group is: Egypt, Sudan, Yemen and Mauritania. See Chaper 4, p. 58 for my cut-off income levels for this classification.