By Christian Körner
Generations of plant scientists were occupied with alpine flora - with the publicity of organisms to dramatic climatic gradients over a really brief distance. This accomplished textual content treats quite a lot of subject matters: alpine weather and soils, plant distribution and the treeline phenomenon, physiological ecology of water-, dietary- and carbon kin of alpine vegetation, plant rigidity and plant improvement, biomass construction, and points of human affects on alpine crops. Geographically the e-book covers all components of the area together with the tropics.
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Extra info for Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems
E --------------.. $ '·ffi 5 Ci E ell ell ·ffi ~ coQj a.. € • L :::J 20 0 10 20 30 40 50 Latitude (0) 60 70 0 Fig. 3. The latitudinal variations in diurnal and seasonal amplitudes of air temperature at high elevation stations, based on data compiled by Lauscher (1966), Rundel (1994) and from the Abisko Station in North Sweden. Diurnal amplitudes are annual means, seasonal amplitudes are calculated from monthly means. L Low humidity (low cloudiness), H high humidity (high cloudiness) rnc 0 Ul ell OJ (j) -10 L - - L_ _ L--L~L--L JFMAMJ _ _L - - L_ _L - - L_ _L-~ JASOND Month Fig.
3. Comparison of climatic conditions in arctic-, temperate- and tropical-alpine areas that support similar short stature alpine vegetation. 2 00/5°S 4400 3500 365 ca. 15 SON/lOoS 4100 3200 365 ca. 5 +13 ca. 12 +3 ca. +5 ca. 12 +3/+4 ca. +5 , A, Alaska (Barrow); B, Southern Alps of New Zealand; C, Austrian Central Alps; D, Rocky Mountains (Niwot Ridge); E, Mt. · 29 30 3 Alpine climate Other aspects of the alpine climate, particularly those relating to snow distribution, biologically effective temperature, radiative cooling or heating and evaporative forcing need to be discussed in a micro climatological context (Chaps.
Unfortunately the work was not published in a prominent place and did not receive the attention it deserved. Re-investigating his plots in the Otztal valley of Tirol half a century later might yield valuable long-term data. Friedel (1961) carefully mapped vegetation mosaics, snow depth and the spatial dynamics of snow melt on strongly structured steep terrain covered by various alpine, mainly dwarf shrub, associations and found very close correlations between vegetation boundaries and contour lines of mean dates for snow disappearance (Fig.