Download Altruism & altruistic love : science, philosophy, & religion by Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, PDF

By Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut

(Publisher-supplied info) the concept that of altruism, or disinterested situation for another's welfare, has been mentioned by way of every body from theologians to psychologists to biologists. during this publication, evolutionary, neurological, developmental, mental, social, cultural, and spiritual facets of altruistic habit are tested. it's a collaborative exam of 1 of humanity's crucial and defining Read more...

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Even if the evolution of altruism in social insects turns out to be an exclusively genetic process, the evolution of altruism within human beings needs to be understood from the dual perspective of genetic and cultural change. In fact, there are two ways in which cultural evolution can depart from the usual pattern of genetic evolution. To see what these are, consider the following three types of selection process (Sober, 1993): I II III Mechanisms of heredity genes learning learning Definitions of fitness having babies having babies having imitators In Type I processes, genes provide the mechanism of inheritance, and fitness is measured in terms of biological reproduction.

The morality accepted within a group (or the mix of moralities that are accepted) can affect the survivorship and reproductive success of individuals, but ideas have a way of jumping from head to head for reasons that are orthogonal with the goal of 28  having babies. A morality has biological effects, but it also has cultural meanings that can lead it to wax or wane. The phenomenon of human morality needs to be analyzed from both angles.  1. The abstract structure of the prisoners’ dilemma game was first described by Merrill Flood and Melvin Dresher; Albert Tucker (also at RAND) invented the prisoners’ story to illustrate the game and thus gave the game its name (Poundstone, 1992).

Although theologian John Milbank (1990) does not consider altruism in the context of genetic programming, he has challenged both the intelligibility and the desirability of radically self-sacrificial altruism grounded in otherness, contending that otherness is a vacuous concept and is, in effect, incoherent. Milbank’s princi-        31 pal charge against radical altruism is that it is contingent on the vulnerability of the other, which, in turn, depends on the fact that she or he will die.

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