By James P. Ziliak
In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson went to Kentucky's Martin County to claim battle on poverty. the next 12 months he signed the Appalachian local improvement Act (ARDA), making a state-federal partnership to enhance the region's fiscal clients via greater task possibilities, larger human capital, and better transportation. because the point of interest of household antipoverty efforts, Appalachia took on targeted symbolic and good as financial value. approximately a part century later, what are the results?
In Appalachian Legacy, popular economists and demographers map out the region's present prestige. James Ziliak spearheads the research into questions equivalent to: How has Appalachia fared considering that 1965, and the way does it now examine to the country as a complete, in key parts corresponding to schooling, employment, and future health? used to be ARDA an efficient place-based coverage for ameliorating problem in a afflicted sector, or is Appalachia nonetheless mired in a poverty capture? And what classes do we draw from the Appalachian experience?
This very important examine might help analysts, policymakers, students, and nearby specialists figure what works in scuffling with poverty and why. it's also an immense contribution to the industrial historical past of the jap United States.
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Additional info for Appalachian Legacy: Economic Opportunity after the War on Poverty
1: 61–86. Harrington, Michael. 1962. The Other America. New York: Scribner. Heckman, James, Robert LaLonde, and Jeffrey Smith. 1999. ” In Handbook of Labor Economics, edited by Orley Ashenfelter and David Card, vol. 3A, pp. 1865–2097. Amsterdam: Elsevier–North Holland. Hoynes, Hilary, and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach. 2009. ” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 1, no. 4: 109–39. Isserman, Andrew, and Terance Rephann. 1995. ” Journal of the American Planning Association 61, no. 3: 345–65.
9. , p. 200. qxd 1/25/12 11:20 AM Page 22 james p. 10 However, some counties within the ARDA jurisdiction were never eligible for financial grants, and some border counties may have benefited indirectly from the ARDA programs, and thus I separate grant-eligible from grant-ineligible counties from border counties to identify the parameter more closely aligned to average treatment effect on the treated: that is, those counties directly affected by ARDA. Finally, I also allow heterogeneity of treatment effects by disaggregating Appalachia into the major regions of Northern, Central, and Southern.
Edu/icpsrweb/ICPSR/studies/2896/system. 23. We thank Robert Gibbs of ERS for providing these data. 24. shtml. 25. To construct labor force growth in 1960 we obtained the corresponding labor force data from 1950 to calculate the 1950–60 growth. The definition of what constitutes an urban area has changed over time. For the years 1960–90, any area that was one of the census-designated places with more than 2,500 people, or was incorporated in an urban area, was considered to be urban. html). 012] Difference Source: Author’s calculations.