By Hannes Lacher
Hannes Lacher offers a brand new serious social concept of diplomacy that integrates sociology, historical past and political geography to appreciate the formation and improvement of contemporary overseas relations.
Far from implying a go back to state-centrist Realism, this crucial new quantity leads us in the direction of a serious social conception of diplomacy that questions the present conceptions of the fashionable overseas political economic climate as a suite of nationally bounded areas extra essentially than ever earlier than. It additionally exhibits us that capitalist modernity itself was once, from the start, characterised by means of the dualism of worldwide monetary integration and the fragmentation of political house, which truly stems from the divergent origins of capitalism and territorial sovereignty.
This ebook may be of serious curiosity to al scholars of historic sociology, political geography, diplomacy and political science.
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Extra info for Beyond Globalization: Capitalism, Territoriality and the International Relations of Modernity
Such innovations have enabled these theorists to conceptualize the speciﬁcally modern logic of anarchy, residing in the Westphalian mode of organizing authority claims, which are expressed as claims to sovereignty from which both particular internal and external consequences follow. Thus, by pursuing the conceptual conundrums that present themselves in the exploration of the anarchy problematique, these scholars have gone some way to indicating an alternative problematique of modernity that puts the historically speciﬁc, and socially constituted, structures of the international relations of modernity at its centre.
But while states are agents in the production and structuring of global space, their policies cannot be grasped in terms of some innate ‘national interest’; they arise out of the mediation of class struggles and crises of accumulation. This is, then, a highly dynamic process which gives rise to changing patterns of international conﬂict, in which state strategies of competition and the competitive strategies of individual capitals can enter into diﬀerent relationships. It also generates diﬀerent ‘spatial regimes’ through which the relationship between the national and the global is constituted on a temporary basis.
Capitalism, I suggest, is best understood, not as a distinctive type of economy that determines social organization at large, but as a societal disposition of power that gives rise to, inter alia, an insulated ‘economic realm’. ) that capitalism as an epochal concept refers. As such, the category of capitalism is in fact as ‘wide’ and ‘encompassing’ as that of modernity – though ultimately more useful in that it is premised on a much deeper grasp of what makes ‘our epoch’ distinctive. Anthony Giddens (despite his insistence elsewhere that capitalism is but one of four irreducible dimensions of modernity) seems to use the concept in this epochal and encompassing sense when he notes that ‘the emergence of modern capitalism does not represent the high point (thus far) of a progressive scheme of social development, but rather the coming of a type of society radically distinct from all prior forms of social order’ (Giddens 1985: 31–2).