By Stanley M. Walas
Chemical procedure apparatus is a consultant to the choice and layout of a variety of chemical strategy apparatus. Emphasis is put on particular info about the approach layout and function of kit. To this finish, realization is given to examples of winning purposes, and a beneficiant variety of line sketches displaying the functioning of kit is incorporated with many graphs and tables giving their genuine functionality. For coherence, short studies of perininent concept, together with numerical examples to demonstrate the extra concerned methods, are supplied in key chapters.
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Additional info for Chemical process equipment: selection and design
Ulrich, A Guide to Chemical Engineering Process Design and Economics, Wiley, New York, 1984. 8. R. Weaver, Process Piping Design, Gulf,Houston, 1973, 2 vols. 1 escriptions of Example Process Flowsheets vacuum gas oil (HVGO) is charged to the top plate of zone 2, removed at the bottom tray and charged to furnace no. 2 that operates at 500 psig and 925°F. Effluents from both furnaces are combined and enter the soaker; this is a large vertical drum designed to provide additional residence time for conversion under adiabatic conditions.
A) Natural circulation of water in a two-drum boiler. Upper drum is for steam disengagement; the lower one for accumulation and eventual blowdown of sediment. (b) A two-drum boiler. Preheat tubes along the floor and walls are connected to heaters that feed into the upper drum. (c) Cross section of a Stirling-type steam boiler with provisions for superheating, air preheating, and flue gas economizing; for maximum production of 550,000 lb/hr of steam at 1575 psia and 900°F. 10. 3 Steam Plaint cycle for Generation of Power and LOWPressure Process Steam The flow diagram is for the production of 5OOOkW gross and 20,000 lb/hr of saturated process steam at 20 psia.
5. 2-4 confinund) Conveyors and Feeders Separators SEPARATORS P late -and-f ra me f iIter Belt #conveyor Rotary vacuum filter Screw conveyor Sand filter Elevator Dust collector eeder Cyclone separator Star feeder Centrifuge Screw feeder Mesh entrainment separator Weighing feeder Tank car Liquid-liquid separator Freight car Drum with water settling pot Conical settling tank rse Screen Raked thickener I I I Fine I I I thoroughly standardized by the Instrument Society of America (ISA). 4. 6 affords many examples.