By Arthur J. Riopelle (auth.), Hiram E. Fitzgerald, John A. Mullins, Patricia Gage (eds.)
The underlying subject matter uniting the papers of this quantity is the search for a different knowing of human habit. The similarities among the behaviors of different primates and people have captivated us even earlier than a technology arose. yet what's the justification for making such comparisons? Comparisons, like classifications, might be made on any foundation no matter what. the purpose in making any medical comparability is equal to doing a category. that's, one makes an attempt to make the comparability on a "natural" foundation. common, subsequently, implies that the comparability displays techniques that happen in nature. the basic paradigm for making normal comparisons in biology is predicated on evolutionary idea. The evolutionary paradigm is inherently considered one of comparisons among and inside of species. Conversely, it really is very unlikely to start to make go species comparisons with no making, implicitly no less than, evolutionary arguments. yet evolution is a fancy build of theories (Lewis, 1980), and comparisons will be produced from varied theoretical bases. F or the sake of this dialogue we will be able to mix sorts of sub-theories into different types: these having to do with descent with amendment, and people interested by the mechanics of evolutionary change--notably usual selection.
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Extra info for Child Nurturance: Studies of Development in Nonhuman Primates
The male marmoset actively parents his infants from birth by carrying them frequently (Box, 1977; Epple, 1975; Ingram, 1977), while the male siamang carries his infant only after it reaches a certain age, prior to which the mother carries it. Gibbon males do not assist directly in infant care, but are the principal defenders of group feeding territories (Chivers, 1972). These variations in the amount of paternal care would obviously affect the mother-infant relationship. In marmosets, the older offspring may also participate in parenting.
NASH AND R. L. WHEELER Allomothering In some species, mothers allow young, somewhat inept females to handle their infants. This seems contradictory to evolutionary theory, that the infants' lives may actually be endangered. However, the young females involved are often the infants' older siblings (Kurland, 1977). Thus, mothers may be assisting their juvenile daughters in gaining the experience necessary for successful mothering. However, multiparous females are also interested in infants not their own, and it is difficult to understand why mothers allow such females to take their infants.
N. Persistent defects of maternal deficiency in postnatal rats. Nutrition Reports International, 1973, 7,421-436. Zeman, F. , and Stanbrough, E. C. Effect of maternal deficiency on cellular development in the fetal rat. Joumal of Nutrition, 1969, 99, 272-282. PART II PARENTAL AND OTHER SOCIAL INFLUENCES ON PRIMATE DEVELOPMENT MOTHER-INF ANT RELATIONSHIPS IN NON-HUMAN PRIMATES Leanne T. Nash and R. Linda Wheeler Department of Anthropology Arizona State University Tempe, Arizona 85281 INTRODUCTION The mother-infant relationship in non-human primates is longerlasting and more intense than it is in most other mammals.