By Trudy Griffin-Pierce
This e-book unearths the conflicting meanings of strength held through the government and the Chiricahua Apaches all through their background of interplay. while Geronimo and Naiche, son of Cochise, surrendered in 1886, their wartime exploits got here to an finish, yet their genuine conflict for survival was once in basic terms starting. all through their captivity in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma, Naiche saved alive Chiricahua non secular strength by way of embodying it in his appealing disguise work of the Girl’s Puberty Ceremony—a ritual on the very center of tribal cultural lifestyles and religious strength.
This narrative is a tribute to the Chiricahua humans, who live to tell the tale this present day, regardless of army efforts to annihilate them, govt efforts to subjugate them, and social efforts to break their language and tradition. even supposing federal coverage makers dropped at endure all of the energy at their command, they did not remove Chiricahua spirit and identification nor to persuade them that their reduce prestige used to be simply a part of the normal social order. Naiche, besides many different Chiricahuas, believed in one other type of strength. even supposing no longer recognized to have strength of his personal within the Apache feel, Naiche’s work exhibit that he believed in an essential resource of non secular energy. In a truly actual experience, his work have been visible prayers for the continuation of the Chiricahua humans. obtainable to participants for lots of reasons, strength helped the Chiricahuas live on all through their history.
In this e-book, Griffin-Pierce explores Naiche’s paintings during the lens of present anthropological concept on strength, hegemony, resistance, and subordination. As she retraces the Chiricahua odyssey in the course of 27 years of incarceration and exile by way of vacationing their internment websites, she finds how the facility was once with them all through their darkish interval. because it was once whilst the Chiricahua warriors and their households struggled to stick alive, strength is still the centering concentration for modern Chiricahua Apaches. even though by no means allowed to come back to their liked place of birth, not just are the Chiricahua Apaches surviving at the present time, they're preserving their traditions alive and their tradition powerful and very important.
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Extra resources for Chiricahua Apache Enduring Power: Naiche's Puberty Ceremony Paintings
Like the tribe, bands lacked a chief with any kind of organized political authority. The boundaries of each band were recognized by other bands, and its members felt a strong attachment to their territory. Each band occupied a large enough territory (Figure 1) that they seldom needed to go outside their area for hunting and gathering; before their population was decimated by warfare and disease, individuals seldom married outside their band (cf. Basehart 1967, 1970). Most scholars consider the Chiricahua tribe to have been comprised of three bands, although some recognize a fourth band.
They lived northeast of the Central Chiricahuas in the Mogollon Mountains and the Gila River area. Geronimo was born into this band. Ethnographic and Historic Background 23 There has always been confusion among outsiders over the divisions of what is now designated as the Chiricahuas because different subgroups, at times, joined together and then separated from each other. With increasing encroachment into their territories, Apache raiding and warfare increased, which discouraged any understanding of tribal divisions by outsiders.
The Chiricahuas needed what the Mexicans and, later, whites, had, so their intention was not to drive ranchers away, but rather to steal their valuable resources. Raiding parties avoided combat unless it was absolutely necessary, while war parties tried to in®ict as much injury and death as possible. Since a successful raid depended upon being able to travel without being detected, a raiding party only numbered from ¤ve to ten men from a single local group. The sole objective was to bring home horses, cattle, and possessions without pursuit.