By Domenico Losurdo, Gregory Elliot
Available for the 1st time in English, this ebook examines and reinterprets category fight inside of Marx and Engels’ inspiration. As Losurdo argues, type fight is frequently misunderstood as solely the fight of the bad opposed to the wealthy, of the standard opposed to the strong. it's an interpretation that's expensive to populism, person who supposes a binary good judgment that closes its eyes to complexity and inclines in the direction of the party of poverty as a spot of ethical excellence. This ebook, notwithstanding, exhibits the idea of sophistication fight is a common conception of social clash. whenever, the main hostile social conflicts are intertwined in several methods. A ancient scenario consistently emerges with particular and distinct features that necessitate severe exam, freed from schematic and biased research. provided that it breaks clear of populism can Marxism improve the power to interpret and alter the world.
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Extra resources for Class Struggle: A Political and Philosophical History
151 The text just quoted dates from 1845. 152 Some decades later, the English liberal had a rethink and felt obliged to come to terms with the problem of air pollution: he made some very modern-sounding observations about the foul air people were sometimes forced to breathe on trains. But it is always and only individuals who appear on stage; and the problem is treated without any reference to factories and industrial locations or rivers, lakes and the natural environment. 153 Classes and class struggle are as absent as ever.
So what was the cause of the looming civil war? The French liberal was in no doubt: it was the ‘rapid introduction into the United States of men who were foreign to the English race’; it was the sudden arrival of ‘so many alien elements’, who disastrously altered the ‘nature’ (naturel) and ‘economy and health’ of the original ‘social body’. 30 D. LOSURDO Finally, to explain the irruption of the subaltern classes onto the historical stage, and the emergence of the Jacobin-socialist movement, nineteenth-century culture employed the same admixture of psychopathological paradigm and ethnological paradigm.
LOSURDO attainment of revolutionary consciousness and strengthening the chains of oppression. But it may be that religion is the terrain where rudimentary consciousness of the conflict, of class struggle in its various configurations, emerges. This is the case, in particular, with the national question. In such instances, religious representations, which explain the conflict on the basis of a clash between Irish Catholics and British Protestants, or between Polish Catholics and Russian Orthodox Christians, is much less idealistic and much less mystificatory than the view that sees Enlightenment and obscurantism at grips in Ireland and Poland.