By Mannava V.K. Sivakumar, Rattan Lal, Ramasamy Selvaraju, Ibrahim Hamdan
The nations of West Asia and North Africa (WANA) have lengthy had the problem of delivering sustainable livelihoods for his or her populations within the fragile ecosystems of semi-arid and arid components. weather switch is already a fact in WANA and it areas extra constraints at the already fragile ecosystems of dry parts and constrained average assets in WANA. A accomplished and built-in method of making plans and imposing the weather swap model suggestions around the wide variety of agro-ecosystems in numerous international locations in WANA may aid either the planners and the neighborhood groups to deal successfully with the projected affects and in addition give a contribution to total sustainability of agricultural creation structures. This booklet addresses the $64000 factor of weather switch and meals safeguard in West Asia and North Africa and offers the ideal techniques which may assist in the advance of latest guidelines to raised adapt agriculture construction platforms and improve nutrition defense in WANA.
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The cyclone caused about $4 billion in damage and nearly 50 deaths in Oman, where this was considered the nation’s worst natural disaster (Azaz 2010). Extreme climate events often lead to large-scale mortality of livestock, loss of crops and degradation of natural resources. Droughts are recurring climatic events, which often hit the region, bringing significant water shortages, economic losses and adverse social consequences (UN-ISDR 2010). Most of the countries in the region fall within the Hyper arid, arid and semi-arid zones receiving average rainfall of up to 400 mm with a winter growing season of 60–120 days.
The study further concluded that up to 30 % yield loss by 2050 for sugar beet in favourable 2 Implications of Climate Change for Agriculture and Food Security… 39 zone and for barley in intermediate ecological zone could occur. A study by Eid and El-Marsafawy (2002) for Egypt projected a decrease in rice production by 11 % and soybean production by 28 %. Further, the results of the analysis showed a reduced production of maize and barley by 19 % and 20 %, respectively. The predicted increases in temperature due to climate change may lead to spikelet sterility in rice, loss of pollen viability in maize, reversal of verbalization in wheat and reduced formation of tuber bulking in potato for the areas near the threshold (Amiri et al.
5 % of the active population and sources of income for three million people (FAO 2011). 2 Marginal Production Environments Most of the lands in WANA region are classified as hyper-arid, semi-arid and arid land zones. The major climatic factors that affect crop yield stability in Northern Africa and Western Asia are inter-annual and intra-seasonal rainfall variability and temperature extremes (Cooper et al. 1989). , temperature, radiation, precipitation, water vapour pressure in the air and wind speed) affects a number of physical, chemical and biological processes that drive the productivity of agriculture, forestry and fisheries.