By Jürgen Scheffran, Michael Brzoska, Hans Günter Brauch, Peter Michael Link, Janpeter Schilling
Severe droughts, destructive floods and mass migration: weather switch is changing into a focus for defense and clash learn and a problem for the world’s governance constructions. yet how serious are the protection hazards and clash potentials of weather switch? may well international warming set off a chain of occasions resulting in financial decline, social unrest and political instability? What are the causal relationships among source shortage and violent clash? This e-book brings jointly overseas specialists to discover those questions utilizing in-depth case reports from all over the world. moreover, the authors speak about concepts, associations and cooperative methods to stabilize the climate-society interaction.
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Weather switch continues to be, arguably, the main severe and arguable factor dealing with the realm within the twenty-first century. formerly released as international Warming: a really brief creation, the hot variation is now weather swap: a truly brief advent, reflecting an incredible swap within the terminology of the decade.
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Additional info for Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict: Challenges for Societal Stability
Thus, the key problem that will be addressed in this book is the complex linkage between anthropogenically induced changes in the climate system and their societal outcome as multiple forms of conflicts that sometimes lead to violence or societal instability, and how the latter can be managed, prevented, or avoided. To this end, reactive or proactive political 4 5 6 This is based on Schmidt (2004: 371 – 372); Strasser (1998: 316 – 319); Kriesberg (1996). The term ‘stability’ refers in British English (Shorter Oxford English Dictionary) to “firmness or steadiness of character, resolution, steadfastness, mental soundness” (Oxford 2002: 2990) and in American English (Webster’s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language) to “quality, state or degree of being stable as a) the strength to stand or to endure… ; b) the state of being in stable equilibrium …; c) the property of a body that causes it …; d) resistance to decomposition” (Gove 2002: 2217).
Since 2007, many international organizations have worked on climate change. com/29/ images/SolanaCCsecurity%20reportpdf_tcm29-170886. pdf>. 2009 it published its World Development Report 2010: Development and Climate Change. 4 Climate Change and International Security at the UN On 17 April 2007, four years prior to the debate in the UNSC on 20 July 2011, the UNSC addressed climate change as an international security issue21 for the first time, and the UN General Assembly held a special thematic debate on Climate Change as a Global Challenge.
The collapse of the Mycenaean Kingdom, the Hittite Empire in Anatolia, and the Egyptian Empire (3206 – 3150 BP) were due to a persisting drought (Drew 2000; Weiss 1982). Between 810 and 910 AD, several mega-droughts occurred in the Yucatán Peninsula and in the Petén Basin that resulted in land degradation (Coe 1999: 26 – 27; Braswell 1990) and the collapse of the Mayan civilization (Demarest 2004; Demarest/Rice/Rice 2004; Sabloff 1990; Gill 2000). In China, the decline of the Tang (850 – 940), the Yuan (1340 – 1360), and the late Ming period (1580 – 1640) were all related to a reduction of the monsoon and to severe droughts.