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By Anil Kumar Singh, Jagdish Chander Dagar, Ayyanadar Arunachalam, Gopichandran R, Kirit Nanubhai Shelat

It is widely known that the affects of weather switch are tangible and accordingly there may be no debate in regards to the desire for acceptable variation measures, on a concern foundation. notwithstanding, it truly is both very important to acknowledge the truth that version measures truly characterize a dynamic synthesis of interventions referring to a number of structures. those are quite of water, soil features, genotypic and phenotypic diversifications and their expressions, age-correlated biochemical alterations aligned with planting schedules and favorable weather/climate stipulations. nutrition, prevalence and distribution of linked crops together with crop mixes additionally impact productiveness. The overarching element of farming perform wields major effect at the consequence and accordingly it is very important be transparent concerning the specific concentration of the investigations being conducted and mentioned in an appropriate demeanour. it truly is necessary to realize that medical study in agriculture in India has constantly produced necessary result of direct relevance to her humans. Importantly, preparedness to take on mess ups because of inclement climate method has prominently featured at the schedule. the hot specialise in weather swap and affects has supplied the required impetus to reorganize the framework of research to trap the specifics of such affects. during this context, the significance of micro weather diversifications too viz-a-viz the bigger scales of affects can't be overemphasized. it is going to be worthy to additionally support symbolize traditional diversifications as opposed to artificially prompted adaptations, aiding us comprehend the complexities of person and synergistic affects too. evidently, the bounds and boundaries of types may make certain the unfold and intensity of the results of investigations. Empirical evidences to augment assumptions need to even be documented with utmost care; guided by way of an realizing of the bounds of tolerance, proscribing components, and the precautionary precept specially within the public coverage interface. the current quantity consequently, showcases those strands with the fond wish that they're going to stimulate extra pondering and allow applicable action.

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All these developments have endangered the basic fabric of sustainability in some of the most productive zones of the country. Pulses, offer a unique opportunity in building up soil fertility, when included in the cropping systems (PAN et al. 2012). This is by virtue of converting atmospheric nitrogen into a form that could be assimilated through biological nitrogen fixation (BNF). Besides BNF, they have several added advantages including substantial amount of organic matter through leaf litter and roots, break in disease cycle, creation of soil aeration, etc.

K. Panda (*) • A. com Re 2002; Mirza 2003). The Center of Environmental Studies (CES 2007) reported that the erratic behavior of the climate in Orissa is primarily due to the combination of anthropogenic factors such as deforestation, extensive construction activities, uncontrolled mining, elimination of water bodies, and extensive coal fossil fuel consumption over a period of time. K. Singh et al. K. Panda and A. Kumar impacts on the land mass of Orissa due to its geographical location at the head of the Bay where the weather forms (CES 2007).

The changes over the last few decades with respect to crop diversification has been addressed to indicate the potential in the scenario of reduced land availability and also the need for diversifying Indian agricultural systems to make it more remunerative while balancing the ecological principles of conservation and diversity. Keywords Crop diversification • Agricultural production • Contract farming • Land use policy Introduction Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood of a significant segment of India’s population; about 70 % population lives in rural areas where the main occupation is agriculture.

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