Download Climatology of Airblast Propagations from Nevada Test Site by Jack W Reed; SANDIA CORP ALBUQUERQUE NM PDF

By Jack W Reed; SANDIA CORP ALBUQUERQUE NM

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An early start optimises breeding success for many birds (chapter 1). In temperate regions, arriving early at breeding sites gives migrants the opportunity to capture the best breeding territories, select high-quality mates, increase their offspring’s chances for survival and possibly produce more clutches. Yet in some cases, even though advancing their arrival time would benefit birds, their migration schedules prevent them from doing so. Birds that arrive too early, on the other hand, may encounter greater risk of death from sudden cold snaps or delays in sufficient food supplies.

Many birds are already shifting the timing of their breeding in association with climate change, a response likely to intensify as warming gathers pace. Phenological changes in plants and animals provide some of the strongest evidence for climate-change impacts on the living world and could have wide-ranging implications for biodiversity. The timing of seasonal activities is changing, but it is also critical to learn whether birds and the species they interact with are keeping up with global warming.

Inflexible responses in a changing climate Mosquito shift plagues Arctic seabirds The problem of mismatch with food abundance is clearly important. But the case of Br¨unnich’s guillemots, Uria lomvia, shows how warming can detrimentally affect other time-sensitive aspects of birds’ breeding ecology. With the demise of the great auk, Pinguinus impennis, the Br¨unnich’s guillemot and closely related common guillemot, Uria aalge, became the largest living members of the auk family, the Alcidae. Unlike its extinct, flightless relative, the Br¨unnich’s guillemot is a strong flier, commuting up to 100 kilometres from its high Arctic colonies to catch prey.

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