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By Jan Joosten

During this quantity Jan Joosten brings jointly seventeen articles, released in journals and collective volumes among 1996 and 2008, with one unpublished essay. In those essays he bargains typically with questions of language and interpretation within the earliest Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. lots of Jan Joostenâ€TMs reports take their element of departure in a single or the opposite extraordinary good points within the language of the Septuagint, suggest a thought explaining its peculiarity, and move on from there to narrate the linguistic phenomenon to wider ancient, exegetical or theological concerns. Others take care of difficulties of strategy in setting up the old historical past of the model, its relation to the Hebrew resource textual content, and its theology. Taken as a complete, Jan Joosten deals an unique contribution to a couple of modern debates at the previous Greek model. particularly during this publication he addresses from a number of views the questions of who the translators have been and what they attempted to do.

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Extra resources for Collected Studies on the Septuagint: From Language to Interpretation and Beyond

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We must simply accept that the translator was not entirely consistent in his approach to the source text. 4. Conclusions Differences between the received Hebrew and Greek texts of the Old Testament can in theory be attributed to several causes. Schematically speaking, the divergence may go back to the Hebrew source text, it may have been created in the translational process, or it may have come about during the transmission of the Greek text. Deciding between these possibilities is always difficult.

At this point, it is important to note that the translators did not systematically confuse Classical and Post-Classical Hebrew whenever the occasion arose. On the contrary, more often than not they show a keen awareness of the classical meaning obtaining in the biblical text while disregarding the post-classical meaning which one suspects must have been familiar to them from contemporary Hebrew. An example may illustrate. As is well known, the Hebrew particle ‫ אבל‬changed, during the biblical period, from an asseverative to an adversative meaning: in the Books of Genesis, Samuel and Kings (five occurrences in all) it is to be translated as “verily” or the like, whereas in Chronicles, Ezra and Daniel (six occurrences in all) it means “however”.

It has been noted by Tov (following Seeligmann) that some words unattested in Post-Biblical Hebrew appear to be unknown to the Septuagint translators, cf. T OV, “The Septuagint”, 170. 33 34 The Translators’ Knowledge of Hebrew tive particle could certainly have been used (cf. RSV “No, but”). Secondly, the “classical” interpretation occurs once as the – pseudo-correct – equivalent of late ‫אבל‬, “but”, in Dan 10:21 LXX, κα µάλα, “verily” (Theodotion, correctly, "λλ$ -, “but”). Since the Septuagint rendering cannot be ascribed to the context, it seems to indicate that the translator held biblical ‫ אבל‬to mean “verily, indeed”, as distinct from contemporary ‫ אבל‬which to all appearances had an adversative meaning only.

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