Origen composed a minimum of thirty-two books of a statement at the Gospel based on John, on the request of St. Ambrose of Milan. of those, in basic terms 9 books are extant in nearly whole shape, even if we've got choices of others continued in different collections of the works of Origen. The observation proceeds verse via verse, and is especially extraordinary for its emphasis at the religious that means of the Gospel.
This quantity comprises books 1,2,6, and 10, and fragments of books four and five. Origen's major curiosity is the allegorical interpretation of the Gospel in response to John, which makes this an enormous paintings within the examine of Origen's mystical idea. A secondary curiosity is the refutation of Valentinian gnosticism. based on Eusebius, Ambrose were a Valentinian sooner than his conversion through Origen, and Origen refers back to the Gnostic author Heracleon usually through the remark with a view to refute his views.
Although the refutation of Heracleon could have been a stimulus for the composition of this paintings, Origen moved past this target so one can current a observation at the Gospel which might attract the turning out to be variety of informed Christians who sought after a systematic exegesis. The author's writing covers quite a lot of ancient, theological, philosophical and etymological subject matters, all excited about this Gospel of "spiritual food." "We may well dare to say," Origen says as he starts his remark, "that the Gospels are the first-fruits of all Scriptures, yet that the first-fruits of the Gospels is that based on John. How nice has to be our figuring out, that we are able to comprehend in a priceless demeanour the observe that's saved up within the earthen treasures of paltry language." The Spirit-led exegete can therefore draw out of the phrases and emblems the next point of perception. This "spiritual gospel" is the truth of which Christ's acts have been symbols; it's the secrets and techniques hidden within the mysteries of Christ's words.
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Extra resources for Commentary on the Gospel According to John Books 1-10
20. 36 ORIGEN all the New Testament is gospel, not only because it declares alike with the beginning of the Gospel, "Behold the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world,'' 25 but also because it contains various ascriptions of praise and teachings of him on account of whom the gospel is gospeL (t8) Furthermore, if God placed apostles, prophets, and evangelists,26 and pastors and teachers, in the Church, 27 when we examine what the task of the evangelist is, we see that it is not exclusively to narrate in what way the Savior healed a man blind from birth, 28 how he raised a dead man beginning to stink,29 or how he performed any of his incredible deeds.
87 (31) In another place he reconciles a discrepancy in the way a saying of the Baptist is reported in the different Gospels at the literal level by saying that he made both statements, but 84. 15-18. 85. 20. Origen sets forth a similar hermeneutic for the entire Bible in Prine. 1-5. Cf. Harl's comments in Harland De Lange, Philocalia, r-20, 97-101; 19o-191. Wiles, "Origen as Biblical Scholar," 470-71, notes that once Origen accepted the principle that some things stated as historical facts in the Bible are not true historically, he was surprisingly reluctant to use it.
IOH More direct light on Heracleon's thought may come from another treatise from Nag Hammadi which has been named the Tripartitr Tractate by modern scholars. H. Puech and G. Quispel have argued that Heracleon may have been the author of this treatise. " 110 Whether Heracleon was the actual author of this treatise will probably never be known. There are, nevertheless, some striking similarities between the viewpoint expressed in a few of the fragments of Heracleon preserved by Origen in the Commentary on John and viewpoints set forth in the Tripartite Tractate.