By Valerian J. Derlega
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This tendency underlies a general conception o f justice that Rawls (1972) has expressed as follows: "All social values—liberty and opportunity, income and wealth, and the bases o f self-respect—are to be distributed equally unless an unequal dis tribution o f any, or all, o f these values is to everyone's advantage [p. 6 2 ] . " The moral orientation connected with cooperation fosters mutual respect and self-respect and favors equality as a guiding value to be breached only when inequality brings greater benefits and advantages to those less for tunate than they would otherwise have been if all were treated equally.
From our discussion o f the correlations among the different dimensions in the first section o f this chapter, it is evident that there is more or less discordance among the psychological orientations related to the different dimensions in the different types o f social relations. Thus, the psychological orientation associated with cooperation is more concordant with the psy chological orientations associated with equality, informality, and social-emotional activities than with the orientations associated with in equality, formality, and task-oriented activities.
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