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By Valerian J. Derlega

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Sample text

This tendency underlies a general conception o f justice that Rawls (1972) has expressed as follows: "All social values—liberty and opportunity, income and wealth, and the bases o f self-respect—are to be distributed equally unless an unequal dis­ tribution o f any, or all, o f these values is to everyone's advantage [p. 6 2 ] . " The moral orientation connected with cooperation fosters mutual respect and self-respect and favors equality as a guiding value to be breached only when inequality brings greater benefits and advantages to those less for­ tunate than they would otherwise have been if all were treated equally.

From our discussion o f the correlations among the different dimensions in the first section o f this chapter, it is evident that there is more or less discordance among the psychological orientations related to the different dimensions in the different types o f social relations. Thus, the psychological orientation associated with cooperation is more concordant with the psy­ chological orientations associated with equality, informality, and social-emotional activities than with the orientations associated with in­ equality, formality, and task-oriented activities.

Banton, M . Race relations. N e w York: Basic Books, 1967. Bartlett, F. C. Remembering. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1932. Bateson, G. A theory of play and fantasy. Psychiatric Research Reports 2, 1955, 39-51. ,&^ Sheats, P. Functional roles and group members. Jourrza/ of Social Issues, 1948, 4, 41-49. 42 Morton Deutsch Cartwright, D. P. 6= Zander, A . F. ), Group dynamics: Research and theory. N e w York: Harper

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