By David James, Herminia A. Francisco
This ebook applies cost-benefit research strategies within the administration of atmosphere and average assets in constructing nations of the Southeast Asian quarter and provides a compendium of stories performed by means of researchers supported through the financial system and surroundings application for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA). It emphasizes the shut courting among the surroundings and usual assets and financial improvement in such international locations, addressing a variety of difficulties that may be understood utilizing monetary review concepts. common guidance for engaging in monetary value determinations are supplied, with the case experiences illustrating how they are often utilized in a constructing state context. Cost-Benefit research program in Environmental and typical source administration in Southeast Asia serves as crucial studying for academics, researchers, scholars and practitioners in environmental and common source economics, financial improvement and key matters dealing with policymakers within the Southeast Asian region.
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11) and Jaimie Kim B. Arias et al. (Chap. 17) following Boardman et al. (2010). They can be summarised as follows: • • • • • Define the boundaries and time horizon of the project. Define the referent groups. Select the portfolio of project options. Catalogue the potential physical impacts of the project. Define what would happen without the project. 2 Principles and Practice of Cost–Benefit Analysis • • • • • • 17 Quantify and predict the outputs and impacts of the project over its expected life.
Predo The decision rules for risk analysis in CBA in situations where there is significant uncertainty are as follows (Palisade Corporation 2009; Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat 1998; Richardson et al. 2006): 1. If the lowest possible NPV is greater than zero, accept the project. 2. If the highest possible NPV is less than zero, reject the project. 3. If the maximum NPV is higher than zero and the minimum is lower, calculate the expected NPV (ENPV). If the ENPV is greater than zero, accept the project but examine the risk of loss.
Where there are mutually exclusive options, the option with the highest NPV is preferred. Any proposed options that have negative NPVs must be rejected as economically undesirable. In some appraisals, the best option is the BAU scenario itself. In that case, the BAU scenario will have a zero value for its NPV, while all other options will have negative NPVs. Benefit–Cost Ratio (BCR) This is the ratio of the present value of benefits to the present value of costs. The formula for calculating the BCR is: BCR ¼ Σ Bt =ð1 þ r Þt =Σ Ct =ð1 þ r Þt .