By Piet Konings, Dick Foeken
From time to time of monetary and political predicament in Sub-Saharan Africa, city dwellers show a wide measure of creativity of their survival techniques by means of constructing social networks and developing resourceful and unique practices and concepts. This quantity perspectives the city neighbourhood from diverse views and explores the significance of those artistic strategies. the 1st process considers the neighbourhood as a geographical area during which everyone is engaged in quite a few actions to enhance their fabric and immaterial healthiness, applying their ‘wealth’ of possibilities, resources and various varieties of average, actual, monetary, human and social ‘capital’. the second one attitude sees the neighbourhood as now not unavoidably geographically situated or bounded yet as having been created and outlined through people. those neighbourhoods may well tackle the shape of self-help companies, institutions or church buildings, or should be in accordance with gender, generational, ethnic or occupational identities. because the contributions from all over the place Sub-Saharan Africa convey, the 2 techniques don't unavoidably exclude one another.
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Extra info for Crisis And Creativity: Exploring the Wealth of the African Neighbourhood
Jones & N. Nelson (eds), Urban Poverty in Africa. From Understanding to Alleviation, London: Intermediate Technology Publications, pp. 9-15. Kaag, M. 2004, ‘Ways Forward in Livelihood Research’, in: D. Kalb, W. Pantsers & H. Siebers (eds), Globalization and Development. Themes and Concepts in Current Research, Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 49-74. Kanji, N. 1995, ‘Gender, Poverty and Economic Adjustment in Harare, Zimbabwe’, Environment and Urbanization 7 (1): 37-55. Surviving in Nakuru, Kenya 45 Kenya, Government of 1970, Kenya Population Census 1969, Vol.
Bigsten, A. & S. Kayizzi-Mugerwa 1992, ‘Adaptation and Distress in the Urban Economy: A Study of Kampala Households’, World Development 20 (10): 1423-41. Brown, A. & T. Lloyd-Jones 2002, ‘Spatial Planning, Access and Infrastructure’, in: C. Rakodi & T. Lloyd-Jones (eds), Urban Livelihoods: A People-Centred Approach to Reducing Poverty, London: Earthscan Publications, pp. 188-204. Chambers, R. 1983, Rural Development: Putting the Last First, Harlow: Longman. Ellis, F. 2000, Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
33 Maize flour. Surviving in Nakuru, Kenya 43 holds discussed). The poorest household, that of Sofia, was also the one with the highest number of different livelihood sources (seven). This shows that people grab their chances whenever and wherever they see an opportunity to open up a new livelihood source to cope with a situation in which they face declining purchasing power. Although usually limited in extent, they can employ multiple sources, such as land for urban and/or rural farming (natural resources), savings and sometimes a small loan (financial resources), their own labour and qualities like entrepreneurship and acquired skills (human resources), and the exploitation of social relationships, such as women’s groups (social resources).