By Jacobs, Michael; Winnicott, Winnicott Donald Woods
This booklet offers the existence, contributions and affects of D. W. Winnicott, baby psychologist, psychoanalyst and paediatrician. Winnicott's theories are mentioned intimately in addition to feedback from others.
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Additional resources for D.W. Winnicott
The 'limiting membrane' means that what is Not Me can be repudiated, and put outside the membrane. The Not-Me can be recognized as external, or is even externalized by projection. But the environment that is now outside can also be experienced as capable of, or actually, attacking. Becoming Me or I AM involves putting a distance between oneself and others, and being caught up for the first time in the issue of who has the priority. In the development of the true self (as opposed to the compliant false self, which I examine further in a section below), inevitably to be oneself can lead to being 'disloyal to 9 9 Major contributions to theory 37 everything that is not oneself .
More weakly we might prefer to call it assertiveness, although such a term fits Winnicott's belief that 'only those who have reached a stage at which they can make this assertion [of I AM] are really qualified as adult members of society' (1986: 141). Dependence to Independence Just as Winnicott moves away from a strict Freudian tri-partite division of personality, so too he has little to say about the Freudian threefold developmental scheme of oral, anal and phallic (or genital) stages of sexuality.
Against this, Winnicott's concept of the false self (see below) suggests that there is compromise. Like that of Freud, Winnicott's scheme contains three categories (rather than stages, although they are similarly progressive): absolute dependence, relative dependence and the phrase 'towards independence' (1965b: 84). 'No stage can be missed or marred without illeffect' (1964: 85). 38 D. W. Winnicott Absolute dependence is the state which Winnicott describes when he uses the phrase 'there is no such thing as a baby' (1964: 88).