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By Stafford Beer

Offers the fundamental techniques underlying Stafford Beer's pondering because the book of his first e-book in 1959. offers with a philosophy of technological know-how correct to administration and especially with the character of versions. Demonstrates all significant issues via examples quoted of administration technological know-how functions to and executive

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It ends with a brief example of a famous and very early OR job. This job is then used to investigate, in Chapter 4 and with considerable detail, six major aspects of the operational research activity that are commonly misunderstood. It considers the stereotyped Page 2 notions of what the scientist is like, what is the nature of the problem to be solved, what science itself is like, what sort of solution counts as appropriate, what the pay-off of the study ought to be and what counts as success.

All these viewpoints are really opinions, although those who express them probably call them facts because there is an allegedly factual basis for them. The basis of this Page 8 allegation will be considered later. Plenty of judgment is needed here, and the weighing of evidence: it is almost a juridical proceeding. But let us return to the scientist. What has he to say about or to contribute to this state of affairs ? He might discover, by the use of statistics, that the various advantages of B over A and A over B are in no case big enough, when compared with the number of trials, for any conclusion to be validly drawn at all.

His motives are pure; he does not engage a Machiavelli to advise him to say this. But the ghost of Machiavelli is feeding him the ammunition just the same. And suppose this man of affairs should meet the operational research scientist or the cybernetician one dark night. What shall the ghost of Machiavelli prescribe then? We saw the answer at the start of this chapter. ' Seek out some of the employers of operational research scientists and they will tell you just this. That ends our primer on how to neutralize a revolution.

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