By J. Budd
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Additional info for Democracy, Economics, and the Public Good: Informational Failures and Potential
The concept of freedom should include all people, and that means members of minority groups. Waldron (2012), who makes a forceful case in favor of special consideration for the commission of hate crimes, says that these kinds of crimes do not merely damage individuals (in the way that a crime directed against any individual diminishes the individual). Waldron argues that crimes against minorities (including heinous crimes like cross burnings at the homes of African American families or maiming or murdering people just because of their sexual orientation) have intensely deleterious effects for all members of those groups.
In particular, Strauss’s idea of natural rights is attractive to neoconservatives. Strauss’s principal influence in recent years had to do with George W. Bush’s foreign policy. Followers of Strauss, such as Paul Wolfowitz, incorporated Straussian thinking into practice, which included an examination of surface phenomena and not delving into what Strauss would categorize as an unknown (see Smith, 2006, pp. 178–85). That notion of Strauss’s is, perhaps, most prominent in his Natural Right and History (1953): Since the natural understanding is the presupposition of the scientific understanding, the analysis of science and of the world of science presupposes the analysis of natural understanding, the natural world, or the world of common sense.
70). The individual, other than the aforementioned restriction, is to be safe from the impositions of both the ruler (or state) and the majority—if the majority intends to exercise limitations on the individual’s liberty. Simplicity is deceptive, though; the accomplishment of the goals of liberty requires structure that will be upheld strictly and uniformly. One of Mill’s claims is that freedom of speech be strictly unabridged. It is by placing every idea and thought and expression into circulation that each free person can weigh alternative, even contradictory, stances and decide for himself or herself which is the most compelling proposition or argument.