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By James R. Rest

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More specifically, Chapter 2 discusses how the word "moral" is being used, to what domain of human functioning "moral judgment" pertains, what features of people's thinking are relevant to a developmental analysis, how these features represent underlying organizations or systems, and in what sense one organization of thinking can be said to be a developmental advance over another. " A simplistic model of development is criticized, and in its place a more complicated model is proposed, truer to the evidence at hand.

An act is good if it is based on a prosocial motive. Since what is crucial to Stage 3 is that general positive relationships among people are maintained, a person's general inner disposition (his being a good person) is more important than occasional deviant acts undertaken in behalf of sustaining personal relationships. Statement—Heinz Story: "Stealing is bad, but . . Heinz isn't doing wrong in trying to save his wife. . He is only doing something that is natural for a good husband to do. " Response—scored "hit": "Any good husband that wants to provide for his family and his wife what he should and out of goodness or out of his heart—he will do this, so you can't blame him for doing what he thought was right.

Edwards 1978; Grosuch and Barnes 1973; Kohlberg 1969). 4. , Blatt 1969; Blatt and Kohlberg 1975; Keasey 1972; Selman and Lieberman 1975; Tracey and Cross 1973; Turiel 1966, 1969, 1972). 5. , Rest, Turiel, and Kohlberg 1969; Rest 1973). 6. , Kohlberg and Freundlich 1973), to political activism, and to political ideology (Candee 1976; Fishkin, Keniston, and MacKinnon 1973; Fontana and Noel 1973; Haan 1975; Haan, Smith, and Block 1968), to a life-situation guilt measure (Ruma and Mosher 1967), to ego factors (Sullivan, McCullough, and Stager 1960; Grim, Kohlberg, and White 1968; Krebs 1967), to cheating behavior (Krebs 1967; Schwartz, Feldman, Brown, and Heingartner 1969), to ratings of conduct (Kohlberg 1969), and to help ing behavior (McNamee 1973; Rothman 1976; Turiel and Rothman 1972).

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