By Tadayoshi Terao
Improvement of Environmental coverage in Japan and Asian nations [ improvement of Environmental coverage in Japan and Asian international locations by means of Terao, Tadayoshi ( writer ) Hardcover Feb- 2007 ] Hardcover Feb- 15- 2007
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Extra resources for Development of Environmental Policy in Japan and Asian Countries
MITI’s authority was shifted to the Environment Agency and local government. From that time on, pollution control measures by MITI tended to take the form of administrative guidance to the industries and private enterprises, through provision and allocation of low-interest loans and preferential tax treatment. It can be interpreted from the expansion of the low-interest loans and the preferential tax treatment in the first half of the 1970s that MITI was retrenching its operations as it had lost direct legal authority in industrial pollution control regulation.
12 Standards are utilised as a weapon in the hands of the administration in the negotiations it engages in with polluters rather than as prescriptions that automatically apply. 13 20 Industrial Policy, Development and Pollution Control Direct regulation using emission standards was implemented, combined with preferential treatment such as low-interest loans from governmentaffiliated financial institutions and special taxation measures. MITI received applications and played a gate-keeping role for access to low-interest loans from the Japan Development Bank (JDB), which provides the major portion of low-interest loans for large enterprises, and, indeed, MITI had a substantial role in deciding the allocation of the loans.
With such interests among related industries in the background, the ‘low sulphurization measures’ were promoted by the government. An important turning point was brought about by the ‘pollution control agreements’, which are a means of pollution regulation used by local governments. The Tadayoshi Terao 35 Tokyo metropolitan government and the Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) concluded a ‘pollution prevention agreement’ in September 1968, on the occasion of the construction of a thermal power plant on the Oi wharf reclaimed land.