By John W. Blunt, Murray H. G. Munro
Pushed via the giant, but mostly unexplored, capability of bioactive organisms within the ocean and enhancements in analytical ideas to facilitate their examine, common items scientists face an expanding want for single-source reference cataloging the present wisdom and state-of-the-science concerning marine normal items.
Dictionary of Marine traditional items with CD-ROM provides a finished source for greater than 25,000 recognized average items drawn from marine organisms. Following an analogous layout to the Chapman and corridor Chemical Database, this dictionary indexes every one product via chemical identify, CAS registry quantity, and compound style. Documenting all identified marine usual items, every one access comprises the organic resource, chemical constitution, actual houses, organic job, and literature references for every compound. An accompanying CD-ROM is totally textual content and structure-searchable and allows particular entry to this necessary source. The editors, John Blunt and Murray Munro, either pioneers within the box, additionally supply an introductory monograph that describes structural compound forms and marine organisms.
Marine organisms supply a fragile, but abundant resource for an unlimited array of novel items whose designated structural gains cause them to appropriate drug applicants, insecticides, marine anti-fouling brokers, and extra. The
Dictionary of Marine ordinary items internet model supplies researchers a brand new device for constructing pharmaceutical and chemical purposes of marine usual items.
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Extra resources for Dictionary of Marine Natural Products with CD-ROM
2004, 61, 1401 Á1426 (non-mevalonate pathway) Kashman, Y. et al , Phytochem. 1 Nomenclature The systems used for the nomenclature of terpenoids have evolved over a long period. For many terpenoid classes more than one name has been proposed for the carbon skeleton and in a large number of cases, including many recently discovered marine terpenoid skeletons, several numbering systems are in use. This Dictionary has used the most accepted numbering system for most skeletal types. In cases for which no numbering system has been proposed or where several are in use, preference has been given to the biogenetic system.
Prod. 1 Acyclic monoterpenoids (VS0100) In this section are grouped the regular linear monoterpenoids, that is those formed by a head to tail arrangement of the isoprene units. No semisystematic name has been ascribed to this carbon skeleton because the systematic 2,6-dimethyloctane naming is straightforward. The numbering system shown below is in line with that used with other acyclic terpenoids. 2 Irregular acyclic monoterpenoids (VS0150) Some acyclic monoterpenoids arise from other arrangements of the isoprene units.
3-C -methyl-D-glucose and 3-deoxy-3-C -methyl-Dglucose are the respective names of compounds obtained by replacing in glucose either the hydrogen at C -3 or the hydroxyl at C -3 by methyl). Kijanimicin produced by an actinomycete isolated from the alga Lobophora variegata contains a 3-C -methyl sugar residue. 4 Carbohydrate acids (VE7900, VE8000, VE8100, VE8200) The following four types of carbohydrate acids occur in nature for which named examples are given for compounds derived from glucose: aldonic acids (VE7900) (D-Gluconic acid) which are formed when the aldehydic function in an aldose is oxidised; aldaric acids (VE8100) (D-Glucaric acid) which are dicarboxylic acids formed by oxidation of the aldehydic groups and hydroxymethyl groups in aldoses; uronic acids (VE8000) (D-Glucuronic acid) and ketoaldonic acids (VE8200) (D-arabino -Hex-2-ulosonic acid) which are formed by oxidation of the hydroxymethyl groups in aldoses and ketoses respectively.