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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications Commission on Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on Earth Studies

Arithmetic, and functions fee on actual Sciences, area reviews Board, Committee on the earth reviews, nationwide examine Council, department on Engineering and actual Sciences

Currently, the Departments of safety (DOD) and trade (DOC) collect and function separate polarorbiting environmental satellite tv for pc platforms that acquire info wanted for army and civil climate forecasting. The nationwide functionality overview (NPR) and next Presidential selection Directive (PDD), directed the DOD (Air strength) and the document (National Oceanic and Atmospheric management, NOAA) to set up a converged nationwide climate satellite tv for pc software that might meet U.S. civil and nationwide safety standards and satisfy overseas tasks. NASA's Earth staring at process (EOS), and in all likelihood different NASA courses, have been incorporated within the converged application to supply new distant sensing and spacecraft applied sciences which may enhance the operational features of the converged process. this system that undefined, known as the nationwide Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental satellite tv for pc process (NPOESS), mixed the follow-on to the DOD's security Meteorological satellite tv for pc application and the DOC's Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental satellite tv for pc (POES) application. The tri-agency built-in software place of work (IPO) for NPOESS used to be as a result tested to control the purchase and operations of the converged satellite.

Issues within the Integration of study and Operational satellite tv for pc structures for weather Research analyzes concerns regarding the mixing of EOS and NPOESS, particularly as they have an effect on examine and tracking actions relating to Earth's weather and if it is changing.

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Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part 1, Science and Design

Arithmetic, and functions fee on actual Sciences, area reports Board, Committee in the world reviews, nationwide examine Council, department on Engineering and actual Sciences

Currently, the Departments of safeguard (DOD) and trade (DOC) collect and function separate polarorbiting environmental satellite tv for pc platforms that acquire information wanted for army and civil climate forecasting. The nationwide functionality overview (NPR) and next Presidential selection Directive (PDD), directed the DOD (Air strength) and the document (National Oceanic and Atmospheric management, NOAA) to set up a converged nationwide climate satellite tv for pc software that will meet U. S. civil and nationwide protection specifications and satisfy foreign responsibilities. NASA's Earth gazing process (EOS), and almost certainly different NASA courses, have been incorporated within the converged application to supply new distant sensing and spacecraft applied sciences which may increase the operational services of the converged method. this system that undefined, known as the nationwide Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental satellite tv for pc procedure (NPOESS), mixed the follow-on to the DOD's safety Meteorological satellite tv for pc application and the DOC's Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental satellite tv for pc (POES) software. The tri-agency built-in software workplace (IPO) for NPOESS was once thus tested to regulate the purchase and operations of the converged satellite tv for pc. matters within the Integration of study and Operational satellite tv for pc platforms for weather learn analyzes matters with regards to the combination of EOS and NPOESS, in particular as they impact examine and tracking actions relating to Earth's weather and if it is altering.

Extra info for Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part 1, Science and Design

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With the emergence of NPOESS, the increased interest in NASA collaboration with operational agencies, and recognition of the importance of observations for climate research and policy, there is an opportunity to build the space-based component of a climate observing system. In collaboration with NASA, these requirements can be extended and refined so that it will be possible to begin to assemble credible time series of climate-related variables. In Chapters 2 through 9, the committee reviews eight Earth science data sets, discussing each in terms of its value for climate research and the associated requirements.

See also letter from Mr. Daniel S. Goldin, Administrator of NASA, to Dr. Neal Lane, Director, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, February 1, 1999. INTEGRATING RESEARCH AND OPERATIONAL MISSIONS IN SUPPORT OF CLIMATE RESEARCH 15 IDENTIFYING RELEVANT ISSUES: REVIEW OF EIGHT MEASUREMENT SETS Issues related to the development of a coherent national strategy for climate observations are addressed in this report in the context of a subset of measurements of demonstrable importance to climate research.

For example, current observations from NOAA AVHRR platforms show significant changes in satellite SST fields as the crossing time drifts later in the day, as one might expect. Geosynchronous platforms now provide subdiel temporally resolved SST fields. Innovative compositing and assimilation approaches can remove much of the data contamination caused by clouds, but here, too, the enhanced sensitivity of the instruments now resolves diel effects. Similarly, use of passive microwave techniques to discern SST variation in predominantly cloudy areas will improve overall understanding of tropical and polar air-sea exchange processes.

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